Fear of traffic congestion and overcrowded street parking has led many cities to establish minimum parking requirements calling for developments to provide often excessive amounts of off-street parking. Aside from creating excess parking and adding to congestion by encouraging automobile usage, parking requirements have a tremendous negative impact on development of all kinds, especially affordable housing.
This paper will present the findings of a 2-year research project that defined community-based criteria for decision-making for the provision of light rail into underserved areas of Baltimore, Maryland, and delineated key areas along the light rail corridor to promote economic development opportunities, increase visual character, and strengthen community linkages. The research defined the guiding principles and strategies, hence, the framework in which a light rail line that is a clean, quiet, fast, and efficient mode of urban transportation, and that is likely to attract a diverse ridership, can be developed in Baltimore.
Rising concerns about traffic congestion, loss of farmland, urban disinvestment, and the costs of public infrastructure have led an increasing number of state and local governments to adopt new policies to better manage metropolitan growth. Such programs often involve a package of tools such as zoning, comprehensive plans, subdivision regulations, development fees and exactions, and infrastructure investments and are sometimes described as growth controls, growth management, sustainable development, or smart growth. Despite these efforts' increasing popularity, some observers are concerned that such efforts adversely affect land and housing markets and lead to problems of housing affordability.
In theory, proximity to a light rail (LRT) may have two different effects on residential property values. On the one hand, accessibility (proximity to the LRT stations) may increase property values. On the other hand, nuisance effects (proximity to the LRT line and stations) may decrease property values. Existing empirical studies are inconclusive, and failure to separate the effects of accessibility from the nuisance effects may explain some of the ambiguity. This paper examines the impact of the light-rail system (MAX) in Portland, Oregon, on single-family home values using distance to rail stations as a proxy for accessibility and distance to the line itself as a proxy for nuisance effects. Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques are employed to create spatial-related variables and merge data from various sources. The study results confirm our hypothesis that the light rail has both a positive effect (accessibility effect) and a negative effect (nuisance effect) on…
This report describes transit’s increasingly important role in improving the livability of communities. Concerns about livability affect every community: inner cities, suburbs, small towns, and rural areas. The report explores a “place-making” approach where a local community, working in partnership with a transit agency, plans and implements neighborhood-scale projects and programs that are mutually supportive of community livability and transit ridership goals. Part I of this report describes the place-making approach to livability and explores the relationships between transportation and livability that are keys to understanding the case studies. In Chapter 2, the role of transportation in building communities through transit programs, strategies to “calm” traffic in residential and commercial neighborhoods, and a new understanding of the relationship between transportation and land use is explored. Part II of the report—Chapters 3 through 9—presents examples and…
Transit-oriented development, or TOD, is a type of community development that includes a mixture of housing, office, retail and/or other amenities integrated into a walkable neighborhood and located within a half-mile of quality public transportation. At Reconnecting America, we believe it is essential that TOD creates better access to jobs, housing and opportunity for people of all ages and incomes. Successful TOD provides people from all walks of life with convenient, affordable and active lifestyles and create places where our children can play and our parents can grow old comfortably.
Reconnecting America (@reconnecting) and its partners in the Center for Transit-Oriented Development were out at Rail~Volution in Washington, DC, Oct. 16-19. A full list of their workshops and seminars appears in the right sidebar.
Below are 1500 tweets from 2011 Rail~Volution in Washington, DC
RT @AimeeCustis: @TysonsTraveler @reconnecting Thx for tweeting #RV11! I quoted you in a re-capon Storify. Read, enjoy, share! http://t.co/J5QEc21Y
RT @AimeeCustis: @