Costs And Impacts Of TOD
A report from the Southwest Region University Transportation Center at Texas Southern University in Houston explored the costs and impacts of Transit Oriented Development and addresses the rationale for designing transit-oriented neighborhoods.
The 2009 report, "Moving Toward Implementation: An Examination Of The Organizational And Political Structures Of Transit-Oriented Development," adds to the vast body of knowledge about TOD providing case studies of several sites around the United States
"While each transit designed community reviewed was different in design and basic components, they shared the central theme to encourage transit use, reduce dependency on automobiles and create more livable communities by better designing neighborhoods," the report noted.
As the report notes, TOD communities each have distinctive characteristics, as well as commonalities. But size is not an issue in the development of a TOD project. Large or small communities can benefit from implementing TOD, the researchers found.
In studying what made a TOD project work, the researchers found incentives play an important role. Incentives include tax incentives, grants, proactive planning and infrastructure construction. In addition, land use laws and policies must be considered when contemplating TOD and may or may not need revision, the report notes.
"Successful TOD generally represents collaborative liaisons between public and private entities; a variety of funding sources may have been accumulated to fund the development," the report notes.
The researchers not that the residents, developers and public officials the contacted reported satisfaction with the TODs assessed as part of this research.
Communities chosen for evaluation were Orenco Station in Portland, OR; Atlantic Station in Atlanta, GA; Montage at Village Green in Sylmar, CA; and The Village at Overlake Station in Redmond, WA.
The study has been added to the Best Practices.