Bus-Oriented Development And Bus Passenger Facilities
A pair of bus-focused studies have been added the Resource Center best practices database.
"Bus Transit Oriented Development— Strengths and Challenges Relative to Rail" (2006) by Graham Currie, Institute of Transport Studies, Monash University
Currie's article describes the general concept of TOD and how this relates to features of transit modes, outlines the literature relevant to bus-based TOD, and identifies the strengths and challenges of bus-based transit systems in relation to TOD. It concludes by summarizing the relative strengths and challenges of BRT and local bus services compared to rail. The findings of the review are used to identify ways in which bus-based TOD might be better planned and implemented.
"From Bus Shelters to Transit-Oriented Development: A Literature Review of Bus Passenger Facility Planning, Siting, and Design" (2004) by Ivonne Audirac, Ph.D., and Harrison Higgins, AICP, for the Florida Planning and Development Lab, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Florida State University.
"The bus stop acting as the interface between the other mobility networks must be pedestrian accessible, ADA compliant, and must maximize the safety of riders transferring from one mode to another. As is well known and illustrated by the Bonanno case, public pedestrian infrastructure, chiefly built by local governments, continues to be disregarded or relegated to a low priority even in metropolitan planning organization’s (MPO) transportation enhancement programs in many American cities. At the same time, transit agencies are increasingly called to task over becoming more actively involved in the development review process and over strengthening interagency coordination to promote the provision of pedestrian, bicycle, and transit-friendly development," the report notes.