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Land Use and Site Design, TCRP Report 95: Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes, Chapter 15

Transportation, acting through enhanced accessibility, is a long acknowledged influence in the shaping of cities and the determination of land development potential. The reverse, however, the impact of land use decisions on transportation outcomes, has only gradually achieved recognition. It is these reverse impacts — of interest in the treatment of land use and site design options as “transportation” strategies, a facet of “smart growth” — that provides the impetus for this chapter. Presented here is information on what is known or surmised about the relationships between land use/site design and travel behavior.