Overview of this report
This report is intended to serve as a planning and conceptual design guide for planners, engineers, citizens, advocates, and decision makers who are considering bicycle boulevards in their community. Data for this guide was developed from literature review, case study interviews, and input from a panel of professional experts.
Section two of this guide contains information on bicycle boulevard planning, including considerations for route selection, public involvement, and funding. Section three provides information on design elements commonly used on bicycle boulevards including descriptions, design and implementation recommendations, images, and cost range estimates as available. Section four discusses marketing, maintenance, and safety considerations for bicycle boulevards. Finally, Section five presents individual case studies of bicycle boulevards from across the United States.
Additional resources, including a bicycle boulevard audit, can be found in the…
This article concerns the role of children in our communities. A review of research shows that children play a limited role in the decision making processes that shapes their environment. What is more, as they have become increasingly dependent on parental cars for activities and travel, children are loosing touch with their immediate neighbourhoods, a trend reflected in the declining number of children who walk or bike to school. However, Canada adheres to several international commitments enshrining the obligation to take the needs and perspectives of children into account in urban planning. The article draws on a number of research studies, including participatory projects and studies of children’s mobility, to highlight the importance of neighbourhood schools in terms of community life, child development and family well-being.
NCHRP Web-Only Document 128: Consists of a set of recommended procedures for predicting traveler perceptions of quality of service and performance measures for urban streets. This users guide presents the multimodal level of service (MMLOS) analysis method for urban streets. It consists of a set of recommended procedures for predicting traveler perceptions of quality of service and performance measures for urban streets. These procedures consider the needs of people using the four major modes of travel on the street, their impacts on each other as they share the street, and their mode specific requirements for street design and operation.
In recent years, there has been a proliferation of research on the effects of the built environment, including mass transit systems, on health-related outcomes. While there is general agreement that the built environment affects travel choices and physical activity, it remains unclear how much of a public health benefit (in dollars) can be derived from land use policies that support walking, biking, and transit. In the present study, we develop a model to assess the potential cost savings in public health that will be realized from the investment in a new light rail transit system in Charlotte, NC. Relying on estimates of future riders, area obesity rates, and the effects of public transit on physical activity (daily walking to and from the transit stations), we simulated the potential yearly public health cost savings associated with this infrastructure investment. Our results indicate that investing in light rail is associated with a 9-year cumulative public health cost…
The objective of the study is to collect and add to the existing parking and trip generation data available on transit oriented developments. Students from Portland State University’s ITE Student Chapter collected data to determine residential parking demand and trip generation by mode split at three downtown residential housing developments in a transit oriented development. The housing developments selected for the study included three privately owned condominiums with a minimum of 100 dwelling units and a private residential parking garage.
T he Urban Street Design Guidelines described in this document present a comprehensive approach to designing new and modifi ed streets within Charlotte’s designated Sphere of Influence. The Guidelines will allow us to provide better streets throughout Charlotte – streets that refl ect the best aspects of the streets built in the past, and that will provide more capacity and safe and comfortable travel for motorists, pedestrians, bicyclists, and transit riders.
What Are Living Streets?
Living streets are streets designed to be shared safely by pedestrians, bicycles and low speed motor vehicles.
Similar to pedestrian plazas, living streets are characterized by a lack of curb separation between the sidewalk and the street right-of-way. They therefore reclaim street space for pedestrians, bicyclists, children, community and commercial activity, while enhancing ecological performance by increasing the proportion of permeable surfaces and vegetation. Living streets may also reduce infrastructure costs through the use of a single stormwater drainage system instead of two stormwater systems on either side of the road.
In contrast to pedestrian plazas, living streets have the advantage of allowing low-speed access by all modes of transportation, which therefore improves local access and vitality, enhances the versatility of the street space, and increases the supply of vehicle parking in the area. Vehicle speeds of around 10 mph are maintained…
This paper examines demographic, economic and market trends that affect travel demand, and their implications for transport planning. Motorized mobility grew tremendously during the Twentieth Century due to favorable demographic and economic conditions. But many factors that caused this growth, such as declining vehicle operating costs and increased vehicle travel speeds, are unlikely to continue. Per capita vehicle ownership and mileage have peaked in the U.S., while demand for alternatives such as walking, cycling, public transit and telework is increasing. This indicates that future transport demand will be increasingly diverse. Transport planning can reflect these shifts by increasing support for alternative modes. Although this paper investigates trends in the U.S. and other wealthy countries, the analysis has important implications for developing countries.