Affordability has never been just about housing costs. Researchers have long known that it’s the interaction between housing and transportation costs that provides a more meaningful measure of affordability. This is especially true now that transportation costs have increased to an average of 19 percent of household income -- up from 3 percent in the 1920s.
Transportation is now the second highest household expenditure after housing, and gas prices are expected to continue driving that cost up. Communities in Southern California are especially vulnerable as the foreclosure crisis indicates -- since residents drive so much.
The affordability index is a new tool to measure the true affordability of housing choices by combining housing and transportation costs (H+T) in a neighborhood or region and dividing that number by income. Interestingly, the index shows that H+T costs vary significantly: households living in neighborhoods that are relatively dense,…
Downtown San Bernardino
The City of San Bernardino is the county seat of San Bernardino County and part of the Inland Empire, one of the largest, fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the U.S. While San Bernardino and Riverside Counties are known for their rapid, low-density, suburban growth patterns, many Inland Empire communities are now reexamining this growth model in the face of concerns about air quality and climate change and the growing demand for walkable, transit-accessible neighborhoods. San Bernardino is one City at the forefront of this trend, taking advantage of the growing interest in downtown living to draw new public and private investment into its historic core. The City’s downtown revitalization efforts are the subject of this case study.
In its efforts to revitalize the downtown, San Bernardino is capitalizing on a strong public sector employment base and high transit ridership rates. San Bernardino was once the economic and cultural heart of…
The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act – A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) requires that projects receiving funds from either Federal Transit Administration (FTA) Section 5310 (Elderly Individuals and Individuals with Disabilities), FTA Section 5316 (Job Access and Reverse Commute), or FTA Section 5317 (New Freedom)1 be derived from a public transit-human service transportation coordination plan (hereinafter referred to as the coordination plan) beginning in FY 2007.
FTA Section 5310 provides capital assistance for the purchase of vehicles and associated equipment by non-profit agencies for the provision of transportation to elderly individuals and individuals with disabilities for whom mass transportation services are unavailable, insufficient or inappropriate. Under certain circumstances public agencies may receive these funds where it is demonstrated that there are no non-profit organizations readily available to provide the specialized…