The development of successful TODs often encounters several barriers. These barriers include: a lack of inter-jurisdictional cooperation, auto-oriented design that favors park and ride lot over ridership generating uses, and community opposition. The community opposition may be more vocal in suburban areas where residents of predominately single-family neighborhoods may feel that the proposed high-density, mixed-use TOD will bring noise, air pollution, increased congestion and crime into their area. Community opposition has been instrumental in stopping many TOD projects in the San Francisco Bay Area. While community opposition to TODs has been pronounced, very little empirical research exists that indicates whether this opposition is well-founded. Economic theory suggests that if a TOD has a negative effect on the surrounding residential neighborhoods, then that effect should lower land prices and in turn, the housing prices in these neighborhoods. Similarly, an increase in the…
Bay Area Burden provides a comprehensive analysis of the “cost of place” in nine counties located throughout the San Francisco region by examining the costs and impacts of housing and transportation on Bay Area residents, their neighborhoods, and the environment.
This report examines the impacts of residential parking requirements (the number of offstreet parking spaces mandated at a particular location) on housing affordability. Increasing parking requirements increase housing development costs, which has reduced the supply of lower priced housing and raised costs to consumer. This report does not question the need for some off-street parking. The question issue is how best to determine parking requirements and manage available parking supply. It describes more efficient and equitable strategies that support social and environmental goals.
The San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District (“BART”) is pleased to announce the availability of property it owns at the Millbrae BART Station for private development. BART’s station area property offering is located within the City of Millbrae as depicted in Exhibits 1 and 2.
BART is offering four parcels of its station area property as shown on Exhibit 2. All of the four parcels are offered to maximize flexibility to the development community. However, developers should clearly note that all of BART’s property is currently encumbered (as noted below). Currently, the offering consists of the following:
BART Parking South (surface): 2.4 acres with an FAR of 2.0 = 180,000 square feet.
BART Parking North (garage): 2,096 spaces, available for shared use.
BART Parking East (surface): 5.2 acres with an FAR of 0.5 = 65,000 square feet.
BART/SamTrans Intermodal Area (subject to modification and relocation): 2.0 acres.
The property offered is located within, and all…
Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) projects depend on good urban design to coordinate transportation types, mix land uses, and create an appealing public space, all in a limited area. Scholarly attention, however, has been largely focused on the public policy aspects of TOD development such as planning strategies and ënancing options. Less attention has been paid to ënding ways to overcome some of the inherent di.culties of TOD project planning, such as balancing di.erent types of transportation modes. If TOD projects are to be successful and meet the goals of policy makers, transportationengineers, planners, andthe general public, greater understanding of the successes and failures of TODs in terms of their urban design practices is needed. .is paper analyzes urban design outcomes in seven American TOD projects to draw out “good practices” in urban design, focusing on development processes, place-making, and facilities. .e seven projects o.er valuable lessons…
Through an extensive community planning process, the City of Oakland, BART, and the representatives of residential and business organizations around the MacArthur Station Area have worked to build the necessary public support for a MacArthur Transit Village and to assist with planning and implementation. After a request for proposals in 2004, the City of Oakland and the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District (BART) selected a development team to work with City of Oakland and BART staff and the surrounding community to plan, design, construct, and operate a mixed-use project with a residential focus at the MacArthur BART Station. In April 2004, the development team was selected for the MacArthur Transit Village. The proposed Transit Village Development is now undergoing environmental review under the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). At this critical time, this Access Study addresses opportunities to re-envision station access in the context of…
Using data collected from Northern California in 2003, this study explored the causal relationship between neighborhood design and physical activity. The combination of three key features provided a stronger assessment of causality than previous studies to date: a focus on the connection between built environment characteristics of the neighborhood and physical activity within the neighborhood, statistical control of preferences for physical activity and neighborhood design characteristics supportive of physical activity, and quasi-longitudinal measures of neighborhood design characteristics and physical activity.