Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) uses different combinations of techniques to improve service, such as bus-only lanes and roads, pre-boarding fare collection, transit priority at traffic signals, stylish vehicles with extra doors, bus stops that are more like light rail stations, and high frequency service. This study examines five approaches to BRT systems as implemented by public transit agencies in California, Oregon, and Ontario.
Studies have repeatedly shown that community design and development has a significant impact on: emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases; levels of physical activity and social cohesion; and rates of injuries and fatalities related to motor vehicles, which may include pedestrians and cyclists. This discussion paper is intended to: review the best available evidence related to health and land use planning in terms of walkability; define what is meant by “walkable and transit-supportive communities”; identify the opportunities for realizing these attributes within a Halton context; and, suggest the parameters that can inform the Sustainable Halton and Regional Official Plan review processes with respect to walkability. It is recognized that future public and agency consultation on this paper will take place through these processes and that some elements of this paper, such as community design and transit, fall under local municipal purview.
This document contains a set of guidelines which show how all forms of urban development and redevelopment can be made more accessible by public transit. The guidelines are a distillation of transit-friendly land use planning and urban design practices, drawing from experience in Ontario and from elsewhere in North America and abroad. To make them as effective and practical as possible, the guidelines were reviewed and refined with input from a variety of groups interested in the transit-land use connection: professional urban planners, transit organizations, municipalities, environmentalists, developers and the building industry.