CTOD report provides methodology for assessing and boosting the walkability of existing activity centers. As demographic trends, quality of life concerns, and personal preferences shift, more and more residents of the Twin Cities region are looking to live in walkable neighborhoods with access to shops and services and alternatives to driving. These demands—also seen in national trends—will form an ever-greater segment of the real estate market in the coming decades. Responding to these trends will be necessary to preserve the economic strength and competitiveness of the Twin Cities region.
This article concerns the role of children in our communities. A review of research shows that children play a limited role in the decision making processes that shapes their environment. What is more, as they have become increasingly dependent on parental cars for activities and travel, children are loosing touch with their immediate neighbourhoods, a trend reflected in the declining number of children who walk or bike to school. However, Canada adheres to several international commitments enshrining the obligation to take the needs and perspectives of children into account in urban planning. The article draws on a number of research studies, including participatory projects and studies of children’s mobility, to highlight the importance of neighbourhood schools in terms of community life, child development and family well-being.
Walking is nature’s mode of transport. For many people in the developing world, it is the only form of transport. The globe’s rapid urbanization, particularly in low-to-middle income countries, stimulates a high demand for low cost, sustainable urban transport. A well-designed and maintained walking network can satisfy this demand, while contributing to poverty reduction, health benefits, and saved lives. However, the complexities associated with the pedestrian environment often prevent interventions that benefit walkers.
In order to identify needed walkability improvements, an urban area must be evaluated by some standard of measurement. Since walking trips are highly variable and pedestrian activity is not conducive to measurement, this mode is often neglected. By identifying macro-level indicators that appraise the urban provision for pedestrians, municipalities can begin to implement positive changes. The following five dimensions of the walking environment…
Decades of uncoordinated land use and transportation planning have produced a common pattern of growth across North America – one of urban sprawl. Environmentally, economically and socially unsustainable, sprawl requires almost total dependence on the automobile and renders public transit ineffective. Out of synch with land use, transit has been a consistent money loser due to low ridership and poor service levels.
Using data collected from Northern California in 2003, this study explored the causal relationship between neighborhood design and physical activity. The combination of three key features provided a stronger assessment of causality than previous studies to date: a focus on the connection between built environment characteristics of the neighborhood and physical activity within the neighborhood, statistical control of preferences for physical activity and neighborhood design characteristics supportive of physical activity, and quasi-longitudinal measures of neighborhood design characteristics and physical activity.
NCHRP Web-Only Document 128: Consists of a set of recommended procedures for predicting traveler perceptions of quality of service and performance measures for urban streets. This users guide presents the multimodal level of service (MMLOS) analysis method for urban streets. It consists of a set of recommended procedures for predicting traveler perceptions of quality of service and performance measures for urban streets. These procedures consider the needs of people using the four major modes of travel on the street, their impacts on each other as they share the street, and their mode specific requirements for street design and operation.
Many critical issues faced by New York City, including public health, environmental sustainability and long-term economic viability are best addressed at street level. Following the lead of cities across the globe, the City is now employing livable streets as a central strategy to nurture a healthy population and support local economies in all fi ve boroughs. This report analyzes the potential economic and quality-of-life benefi ts that an expanded livable streets initiative could bring New York City.
Transit-oriented developments (TODs) in the United States have been modeled almost exclusively with a half-mile radius as a reliable limit for pedestrian walkability from and to a light rail station. New research has emerged to challenge this standard, with data indicating that transit users may be apt to walk greater distances than previously estimated. Variables such as housing density, employment density, and urban design all significantly affect walking patterns. Those factors are analyzed as expanders or contractors of the TOD radius, and the implications that a fluctuating boundary might have on the future of urban growth are considered.