Transit‐oriented development (TOD) is an increasingly popular urban form. Based on a survey of residents of TOD projects in areas served by Dallas Area Rapid Transit, Fort Worth T, and Capital Metro (Austin) rail transit, moving into TOD decreases VMT by an average of 15 percent, or about 3,500 miles per year, which impacts TxDOT motor fuel tax revenues. The data also indicate that these households shift their choice of route to include more arterial roads versus highways. Differential behavior is observed among the three areas studied with the greatest impact being on the DART system and the Capital Metro system showing smaller changes in TOD resident travel behaviors. Residents of TOD choose their housing based mostly on commuting distance and lifestyle characteristics, such as proximity to dining and entertainment venues. Proximity to a transit rail station is at least moderately important for 57 percent of respondents. The report recommends that TxDOT look to incorporate…
The states of California, New Jersey, and Western Australia encourage smart growth through the employment of transit-oriented development (TOD). This article documents each state’s approach and highlights the importance of interagency cooperation at the state-level and intergovernmental cooperation between state and local governments. This article discusses the importance of state government participation in the planning and creation of policy to facilitate TOD and recommends elements for a model state TOD program.
The research described in this report addresses the role that State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) can play in supporting transit-oriented development (TOD). The research was conducted for the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Standing Committee on the Environment (SCOE).
The Survey of State Funding for Public Transportation is a primary resource for state-level data on transit funding and is used by states across the country to examine their public transportation funding programs in relation to other states. Prepared by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) Office of Survey Programs under the auspices of AASHTO and APTA, the Survey presents an array of useful information on funding by state. The data, however, are not presented in a way that is easy to make comparisons between states for purposes of benchmarking or conducting peer analyses. The bulk of the Survey is organized by state with two pages per state showing the sources and eligible uses for each state’s transit funding. The Survey report also provides an overview of state and local ballot initiatives related to transit and contains a set of summary tables displaying information on public transportation funding by state
Guidelines are provided in this handbook for local governments to achieve the successful designation of a multimodal transportation district. This designation also provides local governments with an additional approach in meeting concurrency requirements mandated by legislative statute. The techniques outlined in the Handbook provide a guide for enhancing existing development and/or redevelopment efforts. It also provides a template for good planning for new and future development with the integration of transportation and land use and the incorporation of urban design techniques that contribute to sustainable development.
TCRP Project H-4A is concerned with transit’s ridership and its share of the market. The project has examined a number of different policies that might be pursued at a local or metropolitan area level—with or without federal or state government encouragement—that have some potential for increasing transit’s market share, or at least maintaining it under otherwise unfavorable market conditions. The set of policies examined is a diverse and somewhat idiosyncratic one: it ranges from quite micro-level service adjustments made unilaterally by a transit operator, through initiatives requiring significant interagency cooperation, to strategies that would markedly affect the travel conditions of the whole metropolitan area, whether using transit or a private vehicle. The choice of policies was influenced, in part, by a wish to avoid otherwise promising options (such as parking management and pricing) that are the subject of more intensive investigation in ongoing TCRP peer studies.